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Take a look at a selection of our recent media coverage:
14th September 2022
Sun awareness messages do not appear to be registering with patients and could potentially increase their risk of developing skin cancer according to the findings of a survey by La Roche-Posay and IPSOS and discussed at the 31st EADV Congress.
The latest data suggests that 1.71% of the adult European general population reported having skin cancer, meaning some 7,304,000 individuals are estimated to have the disease. Now in data from a survey of 17,000 people from 17 countries, including 6,000 people from the UK, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, and Russia and from North and South America, Africa, Oceania, and Asia, researchers have highlighted that sun awareness messaging does not appear to be acted upon by a large number of people.
The results clearly demonstrated that there is a perpetuation of several ‘myths’. For example, 73% of European said that a tan was healthy although among non-Europeans, this figure dropped to 59%. The majority of Europeans (80%) also believed that tans are attractive though again, this perception was less common (67%) among non-Europeans. Perhaps of greater concern was how although 92% of Europeans were aware of the skin ageing risks posed by the sun, 84% admitted that they did not protect themselves all year round.
Other misconceptions which highlighted either a poor understanding or deliberately ignoring sun awareness messaging, include how only 56% of Europeans knew that sun protection was useful when the weather was overcast. In fact, nearly a quarter (24%) thought it was safe to go outside without sun protection when they were already tanned. Additionally, only 1 in 10 (10%) of Europeans said they routinely or often used all forms of sun protection, such as applying sunscreen, staying in the shade, wearing a hat and protective clothing all year round, compared to 14% of those from outside of Europe.
Another worrisome finding was that while sun awareness of the dangers of the sun were higher in at-risk groups (i.e., those with a history of skin cancer, pre-cancerous lesions, photo dermatosis, or those taking photosensitising or immunosuppressing drugs), 59% still reported that they could not imagine coming back from a holiday without a tan.
Commenting on these findings, lead researcher Professor Thierry Passeron said “this research shows just how entrenched the “healthy” suntan myth is – even in those who have already suffered sun damage or developed skin cancer.” He added how ‘we must drive awareness of the damage to skin cells caused by exposure to the sun, which can lead to photoaging and skin cancer. This is particularly important in Europe where sun protection appears most inadequate compared to other countries.’
9th September 2022
Basal cell carcinoma can be diagnosed more accurately than with either clinical or dermoscopic examination using a novel imaging technique according to data presented at the 31st European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) Congress by researchers from the Department of Dermatology at the Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels.
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy worldwide and a Dutch study found that over the period 2001-2019, the age-standardised incidence rates for both men and women with a first BCC increased from 157 to 304 and from 124 to 274 per 100 000 person-years, respectively. Furthermore, the authors of the study concluded that ‘the incidence continues to rise in patients aged 50 years and older. In the next decade a further increase in BCC incidence is expected.’ According to the European Skin Cancer Foundation, in Europe the incidence is of BCC is about 50 to 80 new patients per 100.00 persons per year but which is less than in Australia, where the incidence is about 250 per 100.00 persons per year and with upward trend.
In the current study, researchers found that using a new, non-invasive skin imaging technology called line-field confocal optical coherence tomography (LC-OCT), which gives detailed 3D images at cellular level, significantly increased diagnostic accuracy.
For the differentiation of BCC from BCC-imitators (such as squamous cell carcinoma, actinic and seborrheic keratosis, dermal nevus, and inflammatory conditions), the researchers analysed 303 lesions, including 173 BCC and 130 BCC-imitators. They found that LC-OCT significantly increased the diagnostic accuracy by 12% compared to dermoscopic examination alone (from 85% up to 97%), which the most commonly used skin cancer diagnostic technique.
Importantly, for the differentiation of superficial BCC (a subtype that can be treated non-surgically) from other BCC subtypes, using LC-OCT again increased the diagnostic accuracy by 12% compared to dermoscopic examination alone (from 80% to 92%).
The study also produced a diagnostic algorithm useful to guide the clinician’s diagnosis towards different BCC and BCC-imitators’ subtypes. The algorithm is based on the most powerful LC-OCT morphological criteria that came out from their comprehensive statistical analysis.
Professor Mariano Suppa, a lead researcher and consultant dermatologist from Italy said ‘our findings suggest that, when in front of an BCC equivocal lesion, LC-OCT enables a more accurate diagnosis and, therefore, should be included in the diagnostic process and management of BCC.’ Prof. Suppa added that ‘LC-OCT has the potential to reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies and excisions in cases of superficial BCC and also in the case of benign lesions that do not require surgery.’
9th April 2021
There are currently two topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCI) available and indicated for the second-line management of atopic eczema: pimecrolimus and tacrolimus. Both drugs have an immunosuppressant effect and there is a potential risk of malignancy when administered systemically. Nevertheless, whether this same level of risk applies to topical use is unclear but in 2006 the European Medicines Agency described an increased risk of cancer associated with topical use based on the findings from animal studies. In trying to determine if studies since 2006 have reported an increased incidence of cancer from topical use, a team from the Michael G DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine this association. A literature search was undertaken in all of the major medical databases (e.g., MEDLINE, EmBase etc) from inception to August 2020. Included studies were those investigating the association between treatment with TCIs and the incidence of cancer or cancer mortality but not limited to treatment of atopic eczema. In addition, the team performed a subgroup analysis separating both TCIs and for studies limited to children.
In total, 8 cohort studies including 408,366 treated participants with a mean age of 17.1 years (55.1% female) were included in the analysis. In all but one of the studies, TCIs were used to treat patients with atopic eczema with the remaining study including seborrheic dermatitis, atopic eczema, contact dermatitis and sunburn. There was no association between the use of TCI and overall cancer (relative risk, RR = 1.03, 95% CI 0.92–1.16). However, in 5 of the studies there was an increased risk of lymphoma (RR = 1.86, 95% CI 1.39–2.49) and this risk was elevated for both TCIs. In addition, in studies where the comparator was topical corticosteroids, the pooled risk of lymphoma was also increased (RR = 1.35, 95% CI 1.13–1.61) but there was no association found between TCI use and either melanoma or keratinocyte carcinoma.
Discussing their findings, the authors noted how although the data suggested a 35% increased risk of lymphoma from TCI use, lymphomas are extremely rare with an incidence rate of 1.35 per 100,000 in children and 9.88 per 100,000 in adults. They calculated that the number needed to harm from TCI use in children would be in excess of 200,000 and almost 30,000 in adults.
The authors concluded that while their study did suggest an increased risk of lymphoma, the absolute risk was very small for any given patient.
Lam M et al. Association Between Topical Calcineurin Inhibitor use and risk of cancer, including lymphoma, keratinocyte carcinoma, and melanoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Dermatol 2021.