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Take a look at a selection of our recent media coverage:
30th January 2023
In a press release from Regeneron, the company described how data from a study in the Lancet, showed that Dupixent treatment plus topical corticosteroids (hydrocortisone 1%) was effective in children under 6 years of age. The Lancet trial enrolled and randomised 162 children aged 6 months to 6 years, to the drug or placebo. In the trial, participants were included if they had an Investigator’s Global Assessment (IGA) score of 3 – 4, which represents moderate to severe disease. The drug was given at a dose based on the bodyweight. For instance, if > 5 kg but < 15 mg, a dose of 200 mg was given once every 4 weeks and for children weighing > 15 kg but < 30 kg, a dose of 300 mg was given. The primary endpoint was set as the proportion of participants with an IGA score of 0 or 1 (i.e., clear or almost clear) skin after 16 weeks. At week 16, there was a 24% difference in IGA scores between Dupixent and placebo and which was statistically significant (p < 0.0001). The study also observed that the drug’s safety profile was generally in line with what might be expected.
The press release describes how in practice, 85 to 90% of children will develop atopic eczema before the age of 5 years and in Europe alone, it is estimated that up to 80,000 children aged between 6 months and 5 years have uncontrolled severe atopic dermatitis and might therefore benefit from a trial of systemic therapy. According to the EMA, Dupixent will now be indicated for the treatment of severe atopic dermatitis in children 6 months to 11 years and who are candidates for systemic therapy.
The drug was approved for the same paediatric population by the FDA in June 2022.
29th November 2022
According to a press release by the manufacturer, Sanofi, the European Medicines Agency’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) has adopted a positive opinion, recommending the approval of Dupixent (dupilumab) in the EU to treat adults with moderate-to-severe prurigo nodularis who are candidates for systemic therapy.
Prurigo nodularis (PN) is a skin disease that causes hard, pruritic nodules to form on the skin. The pruritus can be intense, causing people to scratch themselves to the point of bleeding or pain. It is categorised as a rare disease and one UK-based study estimated a prevalence of 3·27 patients per 10 000 population and the condition has a negative effect on patients’ quality of life.
Dupixent is a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the signalling of the interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-13 (IL-13) pathways. The drug currently has several indications including the treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis in adults and adolescents 12 years, as add-on maintenance treatment for severe asthma and as an add-on therapy with intranasal corticosteroids for the treatment of adults with severe Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis.
Dupixent clinical data
The efficacy data for Dupixent which led to the CHMP approval came from two randomised trials, PRIME and PRIME 2. In both PRIME and PRIME 2 the primary objective was to demonstrate the efficacy of dupilumab on itch response in patients with prurigo nodularis and which was inadequately controlled on topical prescription therapy or when those therapies are not advisable. The PRIME trial included adults with PN and at least 20 nodules and severe itch who were randomly assigned to 300 mg dupilumab subcutaneously after a 600-mg loading dose or to matching placebo, every two weeks for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was the number of patients who experienced at least a 4-point reduction in the Worst-Itch Numerical Rating Scale (WI-NRS) score from baseline to week 24. Overall, 60% of dupixent patients achieved the primary endpoint, compared to placebo patients (18%, p < 0.0001). In the second trial, PRIME 2, the primary endpoint was the proportion who experienced a clinically meaningful reduction in itch from baseline at week 12. This occurred for 37% of Dupixent patients compared to 22% of placebo patients (p = 0.0216).
The press release also reports that Sanofi and Regeneron (a partnering biotechnology company) are studying the use of dupilumab in a broad range of diseases including paediatric eosinophilic oesophagitis, hand and foot atopic dermatitis, chronic inducible urticaria-cold, chronic spontaneous urticaria and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with evidence of type 2 inflammation.